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Looking for best Xiaomi mobile phones below Rs. 10, in India but confused? Get the list of top 10 phones online under your budget, . Price of Mobiles between Rs. 5, and Rs. 10, Best Mobile Phones Price ; Xiaomi Redmi 5A Mi 4G Mobile Phones. Redmi Mobile Phones Price List in India – Find the latest price list for all Redmi Mobile Phones Online at sawron. com & Select the best one as per your sourcing need.
Retrieved 29 April There were also reports that Xiaomi’s Cloud messaging service sends some private data like call logs and contact information to Price10000 servers. It also did away with traditional advertising and relies on social networking services and word-of-mouth to Redmi its products. GGJoel E. Archived from Price10000 original on 17 Redmi The companion app also includes options to cook steamed vegetables, crispy rice and cakes, and users can look up the recipe and set the corresponding heating method through the app.
Looking for best Xiaomi mobile phones below Rs. 10, in India but confused? Get the list of top 10 phones online under your budget, . Price of Mobiles between Rs. 5, and Rs. 10, Best Mobile Phones Price ; Xiaomi Redmi 5A Mi 4G Mobile Phones. Redmi Mobile Phones Price List in India – Find the latest price list for all Redmi Mobile Phones Online at sawron. com & Select the best one as per your sourcing need.

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Thai ruby fluoresces weak red in LW, weak or none in SW. Rubies are one of the most popular gems for good reasons. Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 28 March The trace mineral content tends to vary with the location of the geologic formation which produced the ruby.

Origin definitely affects the value of rubies. Stones from Myanmar generally command the highest prices. They also have extreme red fluorescence. A mining tract in the Mogok region is the primary source of gem quality rubies.

This fabled deposit has been known for over 1, years. The color of Mogok rubies often occurs in rich patches and swirls. Color zoning can occur occasionally. Mogok rubies hold color in virtually any lighting condition, which contributes to the demand for these gem-quality stones.

The shape of Mogok ruby rough generally yields well-proportioned stones. These gems were often treated at very high temperatures to enhance their color. Top-grade Sri Lankan reds are virtually indistinguishable from their Mogok brethren, but most tend towards purple or pink.

As with Sri Lanka sapphires, color accumulates in large stones. Stones of five carats or more can be quite magnificent. Due to the bi-pyramidal shape of the rough, many stones are cut with overly-deep pavilions.

Sri Lankan ruby is strongly fluorescent and star stones are common. Madagascar produces mainly fine blue and pink sapphires. Two important ruby deposits have also been discovered. Vatomandry is said to produce the better-quality stone, being lighter and brighter more reminiscent of Myanmar, while the Andilamena stone is somewhat darker and not as clean.

Rutile silk seen in some pieces suggests that star stones may be forthcoming. Much of the material from both deposits is heat-treated. Stones from Kenya and Tanzania are magnificent when clean, but facet-grade material is rare.

Like Myanmar, much of this material is strongly fluorescent. Star stones are not produced from these deposits. While this material is ruby of a sort, it is marginal due to its high iron content.

The Jegdalek deposit in Afghanistan has produced rubies that rank with fine Mogok stones, but facetable material is in short supply. Similar to Vietnamese rubies, many of these stones contain small areas of blue color.

They are also strongly fluorescent. If this deposit ever produces clean material, the market will be sure to take notice. Star stones are not produced here. The main attraction of ruby from Thailand and Cambodia is its high clarity, but the flat crystal shapes generally yield overly shallow stones.

Due to a high iron content, which quenches fluorescence, most of these rubies tend to have a garnet – red color. These stones have a total lack of light-scattering silk inclusions, so star stones are not found here.

The others appear blackish, as in red garnets. Thai stones are actually less purple than most Myanmar rubies. However, Myanmar-type rubies appear red all over the stone. Not only is a rich red seen in the areas where total internal reflection occurs, but due to the red fluorescence and light-scattering silk, other facets are also red.

Some people actually preferred them. Today, production from Thailand is zero and from Cambodia is negligible. Occasionally one might hear statements about how Cambodian stones are superior to those from across the border in Thailand.

However, bear in mind that the deposits are essentially one that straddles the border. Nepal is a relatively new source of rubies. A goat herder discovered ruby in the mountains in the s.

The clarity of Nepalese ruby is usually low to mid-commercial, although gemmy crystals do exist. Typically, Nepalese crystals are 5 carats or less. Color is often heavily zoned, pure red to pinkish-purplish red.

Vietnam had significant discoveries north of Hanoi in and in Luc Yen in Between November and March, more than 3 million carats of ruby and pink sapphire were mined from one Vietnamese deposit.

Word spread quickly in the trade that the color of the finest material was comparable with that of Myanmar. However, unlike the Mogok material, the clarity of Vietnamese ruby is mostly lower, with few eye-clean gems.

The best Vietnamese ruby approaches fine Mogok, but, since the early s, most have tended towards pink. Today, little facet-quality is produced. Some pinkish star material is also produced.

For more information on rubies from these and other parts of the world, see our article on identifying the origins of rubies and sapphires. Please note, these are descriptive terms.

Learn more about these misleading names here and consult our List of False or Misleading Gemstone Names. This makes it a superb jewelry stone. Of course, a heavily included or fractured stone will be less stable.

For reasonably clean stones, no special wear or care precautions are necessary. Consult our gemstone care guide for recommended cleaning methods. The International Gem Society IGS is the world’s top resource for gem professionals, enthusiasts, and industry content.

Ruby Value Rubies are the most valuable members of the corundum family. Ruby Value via Gem Price Guide. Burma Rubies Certified origin. Prices for ovals and cushions. As of May, the record price for a ruby is approximately 2 million per carat.

Indian Rubies All sizes to. See Plans and Pricing. Red fluorescence is, however, not diagnostic of country of origin or natural origin. Retrieved 14 October Chinese Political Thought Since Mao. Archived from the original on 22 October Archived from the original on 14 October Retrieved 15 October A Homegrown Apple in China?

Archived from the original on 3 October Who is this mobile company that’s poaching Tech’s top shelf talent? Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 27 November Archived from the original on 5 October Archived from the original on 23 September Archived from the original on 7 August Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 5 September Archived from the original on 7 September Archived from the original on 11 September Retrieved 9 September Archived from the original on 14 August Retrieved 19 June Archived from the original on 25 September Retrieved 26 September Retrieved 5 October Archived from the original on 26 February Retrieved 19 February Archived from the original on 12 July Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 23 April Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 7 March Archived from the original on 18 March Archived from the original on 12 August Archived from the original on 22 March Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 20 December The Wall Street Journal.

Archived from the original on 20 December Archived from the original on 27 October Archived from the original on 21 April Retrieved 16 May Press Trust of India. Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original on 16 May Archived from the original on 6 February Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 11 May Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 12 July Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 25 December Archived from the original on 15 December Retrieved 6 April Archived from the original on 4 June Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 10 August Archived from the original on 30 December Archived from the original on 1 February Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 26 February Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 7 November Archived from the original on 19 January Retrieved 19 January Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 20 February Smartphone Market as Early as This Year”.

Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 1 April Archived from the original on 25 March Archived from the original on 18 June Retrieved 29 June Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 27 February Here’s the Chinese company that just stole one of Android’s biggest stars”.

Archived from the original on 10 July Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 3 June Archived from the original on 17 October Archived from the original on 27 July Archived from the original on 25 May Archived from the original on 12 April Retrieved 28 February Archived from the original on 24 April Archived from the original on 28 September Archived from the original on 19 November Archived from the original on 24 March Archived from the original on 28 March Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 19 August Archived from the original on 8 April Archived from the original on 13 June Retrieved 18 June Archived from the original on 26 June Retrieved 29 January Archived from the original on 16 June Archived from the original on 9 June Archived from the original on 4 September Archived from the original on 29 June Archived from the original on 27 June Archived from the original on 5 September Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 24 January Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 13 March Archived from the original on 28 July Retrieved 26 July Archived from the original on 3 May Archived from the original on 28 February The phablet form factor, perfected”.

Archived from the original on 24 September Retrieved 12 August Archived from the original on 14 September Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 2 February Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 2 April Archived from the original on 21 May Retrieved 26 May Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 23 March Can It Dethrone Macbook Air”.

Archived from the original on 30 July Archived from the original on 1 December Retrieved 24 November Archived from the original on 30 April Retrieved 10 June Archived from the original on 9 December Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 27 October Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 3 September Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 30 January Archived from the original on 31 January Archived from the original on 23 June Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 28 July Archived from the original on 11 April Retrieved 28 March Archived from the original on 18 May Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 13 November Archived from the original on 22 June Official website of Mi.

Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 27 December Xiaomi official website in Chinese. Archived from the original on 11 November Archived from the original on 12 November Archived from the original on 6 April Archived from the original on 2 September Archived from the original on 18 September Archived from the original on 1 September Retrieved 2 September Archived from the original on 15 March Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 19 February The Boston Consulting Group.

Retrieved 2 March Archived from the original on 15 April China’s iPhone killer is unoriginal but amazing”. Retrieved 7 August Retrieved 22 September Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 10 September Retrieved 31 August Archived from the original on 24 August Archived from the original on 21 August Archived from the original on 30 September Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 30 August Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 7 September Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 25 August Archived from the original on 20 September South China Morning Post.

Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 20 October Archived from the original on 25 October Archived from the original on 31 August Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 23 October The New Indian Express.

Retrieved 23 May Taiwanese Fair Trade Commission. Archived from the original on 10 August Archived from the original on 4 August Retrieved 8 April The Times of India.

Archived from the original on 14 April Archived from the original on 13 April Electronics industry in China. Major mobile device companies. See also Largest IT companies Category: Mobile technology companies Category:

Price10000 redmi blu ray players

See our article on identifying the origins of rubies and sapphires for more information. Corundum gemstones, both rubies and sapphires, were first synthesized in the early s by a simple flame fusion process.

More complex synthesis processes have been developed in recent years. These simulate natural formation conditions so closely that colors and even inclusions look extremely natural. Such stones are difficult for all but the most highly skilled professionals to identify as synthetic.

Rubies have a long history of enhancement. Unless the seller specifically states the stone is unheated, you should assume that some kind of heat treatment has been used.

Usually high temperature heating and controlled cooling is done to clarify the stones. This process dissolves silk rutile inclusions and can also improve tone and saturation of color.

Such treatments can only be detected in stones whose residual inclusions show signs of heat stress. Truly clean stones will give no clues and cannot be verified as natural color. For more information on ruby enhancements, see Corundum Treatments.

Although Asia has historically been the major producer of ruby gems, there are many other sources including the United States, Australia, and most recently Africa.

Origin definitely affects the value of rubies. Stones from Myanmar generally command the highest prices. They also have extreme red fluorescence. A mining tract in the Mogok region is the primary source of gem quality rubies.

This fabled deposit has been known for over 1, years. The color of Mogok rubies often occurs in rich patches and swirls. Color zoning can occur occasionally. Mogok rubies hold color in virtually any lighting condition, which contributes to the demand for these gem-quality stones.

The shape of Mogok ruby rough generally yields well-proportioned stones. These gems were often treated at very high temperatures to enhance their color. Top-grade Sri Lankan reds are virtually indistinguishable from their Mogok brethren, but most tend towards purple or pink.

As with Sri Lanka sapphires, color accumulates in large stones. Stones of five carats or more can be quite magnificent. Due to the bi-pyramidal shape of the rough, many stones are cut with overly-deep pavilions.

Sri Lankan ruby is strongly fluorescent and star stones are common. Madagascar produces mainly fine blue and pink sapphires. Two important ruby deposits have also been discovered.

Vatomandry is said to produce the better-quality stone, being lighter and brighter more reminiscent of Myanmar, while the Andilamena stone is somewhat darker and not as clean.

Rutile silk seen in some pieces suggests that star stones may be forthcoming. Much of the material from both deposits is heat-treated. Stones from Kenya and Tanzania are magnificent when clean, but facet-grade material is rare.

Like Myanmar, much of this material is strongly fluorescent. Star stones are not produced from these deposits. While this material is ruby of a sort, it is marginal due to its high iron content.

The Jegdalek deposit in Afghanistan has produced rubies that rank with fine Mogok stones, but facetable material is in short supply. Similar to Vietnamese rubies, many of these stones contain small areas of blue color.

They are also strongly fluorescent. If this deposit ever produces clean material, the market will be sure to take notice. Star stones are not produced here. The main attraction of ruby from Thailand and Cambodia is its high clarity, but the flat crystal shapes generally yield overly shallow stones.

Due to a high iron content, which quenches fluorescence, most of these rubies tend to have a garnet – red color. These stones have a total lack of light-scattering silk inclusions, so star stones are not found here.

The others appear blackish, as in red garnets. Thai stones are actually less purple than most Myanmar rubies. However, Myanmar-type rubies appear red all over the stone.

Not only is a rich red seen in the areas where total internal reflection occurs, but due to the red fluorescence and light-scattering silk, other facets are also red.

Some people actually preferred them. Today, production from Thailand is zero and from Cambodia is negligible. Occasionally one might hear statements about how Cambodian stones are superior to those from across the border in Thailand.

However, bear in mind that the deposits are essentially one that straddles the border. Nepal is a relatively new source of rubies. A goat herder discovered ruby in the mountains in the s. The clarity of Nepalese ruby is usually low to mid-commercial, although gemmy crystals do exist.

Typically, Nepalese crystals are 5 carats or less. Color is often heavily zoned, pure red to pinkish-purplish red. Vietnam had significant discoveries north of Hanoi in and in Luc Yen in Between November and March, more than 3 million carats of ruby and pink sapphire were mined from one Vietnamese deposit.

Word spread quickly in the trade that the color of the finest material was comparable with that of Myanmar. However, unlike the Mogok material, the clarity of Vietnamese ruby is mostly lower, with few eye-clean gems.

The best Vietnamese ruby approaches fine Mogok, but, since the early s, most have tended towards pink. Today, little facet-quality is produced. Some pinkish star material is also produced. For more information on rubies from these and other parts of the world, see our article on identifying the origins of rubies and sapphires.

Please note, these are descriptive terms. Learn more about these misleading names here and consult our List of False or Misleading Gemstone Names. It also uses an upgraded pedometer algorithm for gathering better fitness and sleep data.

The Mi Band 2’s housing was rated for IP67 water resistance. Xiaomi says the blood pressure monitor is easy to use and meets all the necessary professional medical standards and certifications.

The accompanying app, customized for Xiaomi smartphones, tracks blood pressure, heart rate, average pulse and other parameters on a real-time chart, then makes recommendations for improvement.

Xiaomi released an air purifier on 9 December in Beijing. The device uses HEPA technology to reduce polluting particles from as high as ppm to a clean 2. The device has a real-time air quality monitor.

Users can synch the air purifier with a smartphone to control it remotely, receive air quality data, and be alerted when the air filter is dirty. It has p resolution, a o wide-angle lens with 4x zoom, and the ability to make two-way voice calls.

Activated and viewable via the smartphone, it doubles as both a webcam for chatting and a security camera with recording capabilities. The camera automatically records whenever it detects movement in view.

It is waterproof up to 40 m with the waterproof case. Since it became very popular even outside China through its low price and same physical dimensions like products from Hero, there exists some user-made tweaks for features include shooting in RAW, customizable ISO and white balance.

The Mi Smart Scale is equipped with Bluetooth 4. The maker of the scale is Huami, a company Xiaomi invested in. Xiaomi says the purifier is able to dispense 1, litres a day with a 1: The device also pairs with a smartphone and sends real-time data on filter effectiveness and reminders to change filters.

Being a major investor in Ninebot, a Chinese company that acquired the self-balancing scooter manufacturer Segway, Xiaomi released a self-balancing scooter called Ninebot Mini for CNY 1, on 19 October It was released for Chinese market only.

Users can monitor speed, check vehicle condition, update firmware, receive theft alarms and remotely control the vehicle via a smartphone app. The scooter can learn and adapt to users’ driving habits.

This version has a slightly modified design and a different steering bar. Maximum speed of this scooter is There have been several updates to its Software application however the product is plagued with faults and bugs that have yet to be fixed limiting its sales success.

According to Xiaomi, the pressure rice cooker uses 1. Users can use their smartphones to scan the barcode on the rice packaging, with the cooker automatically adjusting its methodology to suit the particular rice type, brand, origin and user preferred softness.

The companion app also includes options to cook steamed vegetables, crispy rice and cakes, and users can look up the recipe and set the corresponding heating method through the app.

Lei had to response in public to settle the disputes. It has 12 sensors, including an ultrasonic radar, cliff radar, gyroscope and accelerometer. This covers square feet of floor space.

The scale measures weight as well as muscle mass, fat, and BMI. Xiaomi released a drone. It has a p camera and a 4k camera. Xiaomi is ranked number 2 on the list of 50 Smartest Companies by MIT Technology Review, which noted in the publication that “the fast-growing smartphone vendor is maturing beyond its original ‘cut-price Apple’ model with ideas like flash sales over its mobile messaging platform”; [] No.

Xiaomi’s innovative business model has been characterized as a disruptive force to the existing smartphone industry by a number of commentators. Stratechery writer Ben Thompson notes in his article “Xiaomi’s Ambition” [] that Xiaomi’s target consumer base is the young population of China, especially college students and young adults who just entered the workforce.

As they get places of their own, they will need TVs, air purifiers, etc. This, then, is the key to understanding Xiaomi: In fact, you could argue that Xiaomi is actually the first ” Internet of Things ” company: It’s absolutely a vertical strategy — the company is like Apple after all — it’s just that the product offering is far broader than anything even Gene Munster could imagine.

Xiaomi celebrated its 5th birthday on 6 April with the Mi Fan Festival, which includes an online shopping day with offers and discounts. Xiaomi managed to break the world record for “most mobile phones sold on a single online platform in 24 hours”, by selling 2,, handsets through its direct-to-customer website Mi.

Xiaomi has been compared to the American corporation Apple Inc. In, the company was said to be counterfeiting Apple’s philosophy and mindset. During the Mi 4 unveiling conference in, the presentation slides used Apple’s iconic “One more thing Xiaomi has been also known for their hunger marketing tactics, which Apple also uses.

When Xiaomi releases new products, they make the shortest time record every time they sold out the new item. Their new products are only available for purchase on their official website, people who pre-registered could get a chance to make a purchase.

In November, Xiaomi’s smart set-top box stopped working one week after the launch due to the company having run afoul of China’s State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television.

In August, the company announced that it was hiring Hugo Barra from Google, where he served as vice president of product management for the Android platform. Xiaomi’s cloud storage service Mi Cloud stores all the user data in its servers located in China.

There were also reports that Xiaomi’s Cloud messaging service sends some private data like call logs and contact information to Xiaomi servers. Xiaomi later released a MIUI update that made cloud messaging optional, no private data is sent to Xiaomi servers if the cloud messaging service is turned off, as Xiaomi claimed.

In October, Xiaomi announced that they are setting up servers outside of China for international users citing improved services and compliance to regulations in several nations. In September, Thijs Broenink, a computer science student, suspected a pre-installed app named AnalyticsCore in Xiaomi phones.

He also revealed Xiaomi phones having a backdoor allowing installation of any app without user approval. The veracity of his claims has yet to be verified.

The Taiwanese Fair Trade Commission had investigated the flash sales and found that Xiaomi had sold fewer smartphones than advertised. In those flash sales Xiaomi claimed that the number of smartphone sold was 10, units each for the first two sales, and 8, units for the third one.

However, FTC had investigated the claims and found out that Xiaomi only sold 9, devices in the first flash sale, 9, units in the second one, and 7, for the third. On 9 December, the High Court of Delhi granted an ex parte injunction that banned the import and sale of Xiaomi products in India.

On 16 December The Delhi High Court granted permission to Xiaomi to sell its devices that are running on a Qualcomm-based processor until 8 January With this sale, the company received press coverage when their flagship Xiaomi Redmi Note 4G phone sold out in 6 seconds.

On 7 July several technology news sources reported a severe vulnerability in the MIUI firmware developed by Xiaomi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards.

The specific problem is: Many so-called “Xiaomi product” listed in the page are not actually released by Xiaomi, instead they are merely third party products sold on Xiaomi’s online shop with the “Mijia” brand, or that those products are released by other companies that have received Xiaomi investment.

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Archived from the original on 7 May Retrieved 2 October Tencent Technology in Chinese. Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 3 October Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 18 October China’s Xiaomi hopes for revolution in”.

Retrieved 4 October Archived from the original on 28 April Writing in the Devil’s Tongue: A History of English Composition in China. Retrieved 14 October Chinese Political Thought Since Mao.

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Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 1 April Archived from the original on 25 March Archived from the original on 18 June Retrieved 29 June Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 27 February Here’s the Chinese company that just stole one of Android’s biggest stars”.

Archived from the original on 10 July Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 3 June Archived from the original on 17 October Archived from the original on 27 July Archived from the original on 25 May Archived from the original on 12 April Retrieved 28 February Archived from the original on 24 April Archived from the original on 28 September Archived from the original on 19 November Archived from the original on 24 March Archived from the original on 28 March Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 19 August Archived from the original on 8 April Archived from the original on 13 June Retrieved 18 June Archived from the original on 26 June Retrieved 29 January Archived from the original on 16 June

Unless the seller specifically states the stone is unheated, you should assume that some kind of heat treatment has been used. Usually high temperature heating and controlled cooling is done to clarify the stones.

This process dissolves silk rutile inclusions and can also improve tone and saturation of color. Such treatments can only be detected in stones whose residual inclusions show signs of heat stress.

Truly clean stones will give no clues and cannot be verified as natural color. For more information on ruby enhancements, see Corundum Treatments. Although Asia has historically been the major producer of ruby gems, there are many other sources including the United States, Australia, and most recently Africa.

Origin definitely affects the value of rubies. Stones from Myanmar generally command the highest prices. They also have extreme red fluorescence. A mining tract in the Mogok region is the primary source of gem quality rubies.

This fabled deposit has been known for over 1, years. The color of Mogok rubies often occurs in rich patches and swirls. Color zoning can occur occasionally. Mogok rubies hold color in virtually any lighting condition, which contributes to the demand for these gem-quality stones.

The shape of Mogok ruby rough generally yields well-proportioned stones. These gems were often treated at very high temperatures to enhance their color. Top-grade Sri Lankan reds are virtually indistinguishable from their Mogok brethren, but most tend towards purple or pink.

As with Sri Lanka sapphires, color accumulates in large stones. Stones of five carats or more can be quite magnificent. Due to the bi-pyramidal shape of the rough, many stones are cut with overly-deep pavilions.

Sri Lankan ruby is strongly fluorescent and star stones are common. Madagascar produces mainly fine blue and pink sapphires. Two important ruby deposits have also been discovered.

Vatomandry is said to produce the better-quality stone, being lighter and brighter more reminiscent of Myanmar, while the Andilamena stone is somewhat darker and not as clean. Rutile silk seen in some pieces suggests that star stones may be forthcoming.

Much of the material from both deposits is heat-treated. Stones from Kenya and Tanzania are magnificent when clean, but facet-grade material is rare. Like Myanmar, much of this material is strongly fluorescent.

Star stones are not produced from these deposits. While this material is ruby of a sort, it is marginal due to its high iron content. The Jegdalek deposit in Afghanistan has produced rubies that rank with fine Mogok stones, but facetable material is in short supply.

Similar to Vietnamese rubies, many of these stones contain small areas of blue color. They are also strongly fluorescent. If this deposit ever produces clean material, the market will be sure to take notice.

Star stones are not produced here. The main attraction of ruby from Thailand and Cambodia is its high clarity, but the flat crystal shapes generally yield overly shallow stones.

Due to a high iron content, which quenches fluorescence, most of these rubies tend to have a garnet – red color. These stones have a total lack of light-scattering silk inclusions, so star stones are not found here.

The others appear blackish, as in red garnets. Thai stones are actually less purple than most Myanmar rubies. However, Myanmar-type rubies appear red all over the stone. Not only is a rich red seen in the areas where total internal reflection occurs, but due to the red fluorescence and light-scattering silk, other facets are also red.

Some people actually preferred them. Today, production from Thailand is zero and from Cambodia is negligible. Occasionally one might hear statements about how Cambodian stones are superior to those from across the border in Thailand.

However, bear in mind that the deposits are essentially one that straddles the border. Nepal is a relatively new source of rubies. A goat herder discovered ruby in the mountains in the s.

The clarity of Nepalese ruby is usually low to mid-commercial, although gemmy crystals do exist. Typically, Nepalese crystals are 5 carats or less. Color is often heavily zoned, pure red to pinkish-purplish red.

Vietnam had significant discoveries north of Hanoi in and in Luc Yen in Between November and March, more than 3 million carats of ruby and pink sapphire were mined from one Vietnamese deposit.

Word spread quickly in the trade that the color of the finest material was comparable with that of Myanmar. However, unlike the Mogok material, the clarity of Vietnamese ruby is mostly lower, with few eye-clean gems.

The best Vietnamese ruby approaches fine Mogok, but, since the early s, most have tended towards pink. Today, little facet-quality is produced. Some pinkish star material is also produced.

For more information on rubies from these and other parts of the world, see our article on identifying the origins of rubies and sapphires. Please note, these are descriptive terms.

Learn more about these misleading names here and consult our List of False or Misleading Gemstone Names. This makes it a superb jewelry stone. Of course, a heavily included or fractured stone will be less stable.

For reasonably clean stones, no special wear or care precautions are necessary. Consult our gemstone care guide for recommended cleaning methods. The International Gem Society IGS is the world’s top resource for gem professionals, enthusiasts, and industry content.

Ruby Value Rubies are the most valuable members of the corundum family. Archived from the original on 2 July Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 28 August Archived from the original on 3 March The New York Times.

Archived from the original on 7 May Retrieved 2 October Tencent Technology in Chinese. Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 3 October Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 18 October China’s Xiaomi hopes for revolution in”.

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